Тверезість вибір сильних

Addiction treatment

Drug addiction treatment

Drug treatment is a professional drug treatment, consisting of a complex of therapeutic measures and methods aimed at eliminating the pathological craving for drugs. Therapy can be carried out in various conditions, forms and time frames. Since a painful craving for drugs is a chronic disorder characterized by random relapses, it is not enough to win a victory over drugs of short-term or single therapy. Full drug treatment is a long process that involves numerous medical interventions and regular medical monitoring.

Unfortunately, modern approaches in the treatment of drug addiction and substance abuse today still do not have a clear pathogenetic orientation and are mainly focused on the treatment of individual manifestations of drug addiction syndrome.

Even clinical experience and numerous experimental studies in narcology do not yet allow for the formation of a single generally accepted methodology for the treatment of addiction to psychoactive substances (SAS) from the existing variety of therapeutic techniques. And, in the first place, dressings are associated with a lack of knowledge about the pathogenetic nature of drug dependence, which in most cases is caused by specific, not always noticeable functional disorders of the central nervous system.

Is it possible to cure drug addiction? Can! However, not easy! After all, drug addiction is a chronic disease in which patients can not simply stop the abuse and recover in a few days. In order to cure your drug addiction, stop taking drugs and restore a normal lifestyle, in most cases, long (sometimes repeated) therapeutic efforts are required by both doctors and the patient, as well as adherence to certain principles, steps, and methods of effective treatment of drug addicts.

General principles of treatment of drug addicts

Since each type of addiction has its own characteristics (clinical manifestations, development, symptoms), the treatment of each addict has its own specifics, depending on the type of drug, length of service and dosing of abuse, the presence of concomitant diseases and psychophysical disorders. However, regardless of the specifics and type of drug abuse, in modern drug treatment, there are a number of general principles that guide doctors in the provision of drug treatment to patients with drug addiction.

These principles are based on the manifestations of a large syndrome and consist of symptomatology common to all types of drug addiction, namely:

Changes intolerance and the clinical picture of an “intoxication;
  Formation of physical dependence and withdrawal syndrome;
  The development of compulsive (pathological, painful) craving for anesthesia;
  The emergence of psycho-emotional disorders;
  The combination of profile disorders: sleep disorder, changes in personal qualities, problems of labor and family adaptation.

The general principles of organizing medical care for drug addicts are:

Treatment in a specialized inpatient setting with a narcological or psychiatric profile;
 Simultaneous and complete refusal to take psychoactive substances (with the exception of the severe somatic condition of the patient, as well as fenobarbitalovoy addiction).
 The basic principles of the effectiveness of the therapeutic process include:
 The informed consent of the patient to treatment;
 Maximum individualization (taking into account the constitutionally personal characteristics, analysis, taking into account the stage, the severity of the process, the pace and extent of the disease)
 A comprehensive approach to treatment (with simultaneous effects on the biological, psychological and social component of drug addiction).

The main stages of effective treatment

  • Emergency drug treatment and intensive detoxification in case of overdose, acute drug poisoning;
  • Removal of conditions, withdrawal of an addict, therapy of physical dependence on a narcotic substance;
  • Detoxification of the body in case of systematic poisoning with narcotic or other toxins;
  • Therapy of psychosomatic disorders caused by prolonged anesthesia;
  • Preventing the development of pathological craving (craving) for psychoactive substances, the immediate elimination of drug addiction;
  • rehabilitation of drug addicts, maintaining remission and preventing breakdowns. Hospitalization of drug addicts. Drug discontinuation

Drug addiction, as a rule, begins with the voluntary admission of the first dose of the drug, which gradually (sometimes rapidly) takes control of the will, actions, thinking and consciousness of a person, completely plunging into mental and then physical dependence. Independently overcome drug addiction, in most cases, a person is not capable, and the search and use of narcotic drugs acquire a forced character for him. This is primarily bandages associated with the influence of drugs on the work of individual parts of the brain, responsible for pleasant sensations, bandages associated with remuneration; motivation; the ability of the learner; memory five and behavior control.

Therefore, drug addiction should be considered as a complex disease that affects the body, mind, thinking, and behavior of a person. Treatment begins from the moment a patient or his relatives contact him for drug treatment, as a result of which drug addicts are usually hospitalized in a specialized drug treatment institution, regardless of the psychophysical state in which they are at the time of treatment. All therapeutic interventions for this period are carried out exclusively in the inpatient setting of specialized medical institutions of a psychiatric or narcological nature, and in the absence of such, in general hospitals. Contact the clinic “Sobriety”.

Choice of treatment regimen

When choosing the right and most effective therapeutic regimen for treating drug addiction, the following should be considered: the stage of development of the disease, the age of the addict, the psychophysical state, the presence or absence of motivation to recover. The minimum required duration of primary inpatient treatment is from one to three months. However, in practice, it is mainly limited to the period of elimination of the main symptoms of drug withdrawal (removal of drug addiction), after which, as a rule, patients refuse to undergo a full-fledged therapeutic program. Clinic “Sobriety” will select the correct treatment regimen.

drug addiction

Methods of weaning narcotic drugs

The first, preparatory stage in the treatment of drug addicts begins with the cessation of taking, taking a narcotic substance, depending on the type of abuse is implemented by three of the following methods:

  • Sudden (used for adolescents or patients at a young age at the initial stage of the development of drug addiction);
  • Fast (the most common method);
  • Slow (used for older people, or physiologically weakened at the second and third stages of drug addiction development).
  • In domestic narcology, as a rule, the fast variant is practiced – the critical withdrawal of the drug, with the exception of the severe somatic conditions of patients with barbiturate abuse